Diabetic Neuropathy: Major Cause of Loss Of Balance

Diabetes is a chronic illness that often leads to restricted mobility. Loss of balance is common in diabetic patients that increase falling incidences, especially in elderly people. Prolonged high blood sugar level adversely impacts your nerves and nervous system leading to Diabetic Neuropathy Loss Of Balance. If you are over 65 years of age such impact is more likely to impede your free movement, physical independence, and participation in certain activities.  

Sense of touch, hearing, and vision are the three senses that give you an understanding of space and maintain balance. All these vital senses are affected by raised blood sugar levels in the long run. It increases the chances of Diabetic Loss Of Balance and falling.

Extreme and sudden increase or decrease in blood sugar levels can also make you dizzy. While lower blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) causes brain cell malfunction, a higher level (hyperglycemia) drains out body fluids causing dehydration. Both conditions lead to dizziness and increase the likelihood of falling.

Complications that lead to Diabetic Neuropathy Loss Of balance

Unmanaged diabetes results in several complications that can root disequilibrium or Diabetic Loss Of Balance. Some common complications leading to this condition are:

  • Peripheral neuropathy

    Peripheral nerves run to your feet and hand and are responsible for the sense of touch. Diabetes deteriorates the ability of this sense and also causes numbness in the feet. This makes it difficult to sense the change in the surface while walking and reduces the control of your lower limbs.

  • Muscular Degeneration

    Diabetes often leads to blurred vision and loss of color sensitivity. It reduces the ability to sense threats and obstacles and makes navigation difficult. This may lead to serious injuries and even death, especially in poorly lit areas.

  • Vestibular dysfunction

    Sensory organs and nerves give you a sense of space by sending motor signals to your brain. Diabetes makes this exchange inefficient and inaccurate leading to imbalance and disorientation.

  • Stroke and blood pressure

    Diabetes often comes with high blood pressure which is a potential risk of stroke. Strokes are also known to impact your cerebral functions and cause imbalance.

Preventing falls due to Diabetic Loss Of balance

Nothing helps you better than optimally maintained blood sugar levels in preventing Loss Of Balance. Simple measures such as a healthy diet and an active lifestyle can help you achieve the goal effectively. However, you can take some other measures to prevent falling due to loss of balance.

  • Remove floor clutter and rugs.
  • Avoid stepping on stools or take ladders as far as possible.
  • Keep your home adequately illuminated.
  • Remove low furniture or furniture with wheels.
  • Install grab bars in bathrooms.

A good read is this article published by NCBI