Understanding 4 Types of Diabetic Neuropathy

Our body has a network of different types of nerves. There are four types of Diabetic Neuropathy based on which your treatment procedure varies.  

Peripheral Neuropathy:

Nerves in your feet, and hands are affected by Peripheral Neuropathy. This is the most common type of Diabetic Neuropathy. Amongst the nerves in your body, the longest one is the nerve leading to your feet. Due to this reason, these nerves are most likely to get damaged. This type of Diabetic Neurology results in problems like severe pain, infection, and foot deformities.

Proximal Neuropathy:

This type of Diabetic Neuropathy is also called Diabetic amyotrophy. A diabetic person suffering from proximal neuropathy starts experiencing a weakening of muscles present in the lower part of their body. This muscle weakening can also lead to severe nerve pain. This is often referred to as sciatica. Proximal neuropathy usually affects a diabetic person with an age of more than 50 years. This type of neurology Condition can also affect and weaken the muscles present in the buttocks, and hips. However, on receiving proper treatment, proximal neuropathy can be controlled and nerve pain can be reduced with the passage of time.

Autonomic Neuropathy:

There are several functions performed by autonomic nerves that are essential for the well-functioning of the body. These functions include breathing, circulation of blood, and digestion of food. These are the functions that are automatically controlled by the nerves. If these nerves are damaged, then these activities are affected. Autonomic Neuropathy is a serious problem since these nerves perform some of the most critical functions of the body. The symptoms for the same depend on which autonomic nerve of an organ is damaged.

Focal Neuropathy:

When one specific nerve at a particular location of your body is affected or damaged, it is called focal neuropathy. Since this affects a single nerve, it can also be called mononeuropathy. In most of the cases of focal neuropathy, the nerves of the upper part of the body are affected. It can also affect and damage the nerves in the head that lead to the eyes. Different symptoms are experienced by a diabetic person when focal neuropathy affects the nerves present in the torso and legs. It causes severe pain in the legs and can also weaken the body muscles.

All the four types of neuropathy that we discussed above comes under polyneuropathy.

Knowledgebase on Diabetic Neuropathy:

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Diabetic Neuropathy

A good read is this article published by Health Grades.